If there is one thing that has marked the history of Pauri Garhwal, it is the extreme brutality and the loss of lives in the wars that have been fought in the ancient times. The original rulers of the Garhwal hills were the Monarchs of the Pal or the Shah dynasty of Pauri with Srinagar as the capital. The place, though, was riddled with attacks from the rulers of Kumaon, then the Sikhs, the Mughals and finally the Gurkhas from Nepal. The Gorkhas from the hills of Nepal were known for their ferocity in the face of battle and laid their eyes on the princely state of Garhwal. They even managed the control of the Garhwal hills for twelve years before succumbing to the British.
The weather in Pauri Garhwal is generally pleasant and the high reaches experience seasonal snowfall. The places around Kotdwar in the plains, however, have severely harsh summers with temperatures hovering around 40 deg. All the places experience moderate to heavy rainfall. It is a place of scenic beauty with the snow capped mountains on the one side and lush greenery on the other.
Places of interest
There are several places of tourist attraction in the hills, plains and the valleys of Pauri Garhwal. In fact, there is beauty in every spot in the entire district. From Khirsu that lies amidst the hilly peaks that are ice covered during most periods of the years to the dense forests that adjoin the Dudhatoli, Binsar, Adwani and several other places.
Besides the scenic beauty, Pauri offers solace to the tourists in the form of several temples that are lined at every place. The temples of Pauri and Srinagar offer the tourists and the devotees to experience closeness with the almighty and at the same time appreciate the beauty and splendor of all the edifices.
Among the temples of Pauri, the Kyunkaleshwar Temple, the place worship of Shiva established in the eighth century by Adi Shankaracharya is one of the oldest. Established in the hills, against the rising threat to Hinduism, this temple has also been home to Parvathi, Ganesh and Karthikeya. With the backdrop of the Himalayas and the magnificence of the valley of Alaknanda, the Kyunkaleshwar Temple that also houses the idols of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita stands as the hallmark of religious sanctity. Further, the Shiva Temple at Kandoliya, the Nagdev Temple, Jwalpa Devi and many others throng the hills of Pauri. Similarly, temples like the Kamleshwar Mahadev Temple, Guru Goraknath, Shankar Math and the Kesho Rai Math are the points of divine interlude in Srinagar.
The animal lovers can make the selves at home in the preserves of the Chilla Wildlife Sanctuary in Haridwar. A part of the Rajaji National Park, the reserve has Elephants, Spotted Dear and several other forms of fauna. For the adventure lovers Pauri offers Trekking, Rock Climbing, Camping and many others. These have been developed as a tourism model by the Dept. of Tourism, University of Garhwal.